3 reasons why the RSN travels 5,000km to Guam

https://www.mindef.gov.sg/web/wcm/connect/pioneer/6fb574f0-0463-4a1f-b134-61f05e67f3f7/08oct19pnr-photo1.jpg?MOD=AJPERES&CACHEID=ROOTWORKSPACE.Z18_1QK41482LG0G10Q8NM8IUA1051-6fb574f0-0463-4a1f-b134-61f05e67f3f7-mSLkbvW /web/wcm/connect/pioneer/6fb574f0-0463-4a1f-b134-61f05e67f3f7/08oct19pnr-photo1.jpg?MOD=AJPERES&CACHEID=ROOTWORKSPACE.Z18_1QK41482LG0G10Q8NM8IUA1051-6fb574f0-0463-4a1f-b134-61f05e67f3f7-mSLkbvW /web/portal/pioneer/article/feature-article-detail/ops-and-training/2019-Q4/08oct19_news1
08oct19_news1 /web/portal/pioneer/article/feature-article-detail/ops-and-training/2019-Q4/08oct19_news1
08 Oct 2019 | OPS & TRAINING

3 reasons why the RSN travels 5,000km to Guam

Exercise Pacific Griffin is a biennial maritime exercise between the Republic of Singapore Navy (RSN) and the United States Navy (USN) held in the waters off Guam. Here's why the exercise is significant.

// Report by Teo Jing Ting

// Photos courtesy of RSN

RSS Formidable leading a formation followed by (right to left) USS Gabrielle Giffords, USNS Amelia Earhart, RSS Intrepid, Republic of Singapore Air Force Sikorsky S-70B Seahawk naval helicopter, and (back) USS Momsen, in a photo exercise.

The RSN and the USN are taking part in Exercise Pacific Griffin (XPG) from 24 Sep to 11 Oct.

Held in the waters off Guam, the bilateral maritime exercise involves two frigates from the RSN – RSS Formidable and RSS Intrepid – and four ships from the USN. These comprise the USN's littoral combat ship USS Gabrielle Giffords, destroyer USS Momsen, auxiliary ship USNS Amelia Earhart and a Los Angeles-class submarine.

Supporting air assets include two Republic of Singapore Air Force’s Sikorsky S-70B Seahawk naval helicopters, as well as P-8 Poseidon aircraft and Hawker Hunter fighter jets from the USN.

Here's what you need to know about the exercise:

RSS Intrepid firing a Harpoon anti-ship missile against a decommissioned USN warship target on 30 Sep.

1) The RSN is able to flex its sea legs and conduct advanced naval warfare and maritime training in the vast waters off Guam.

While XPG is a valuable platform for the two navies to strengthen their mutual cooperation and interoperability, it is also an opportunity for the RSN to conduct high-end realistic training, said RSN Commander First Flotilla and Commanding Officer of 185 Squadron, Colonel (COL) Lim Yu Chuan.

"The waters off Guam provide the vast and open training space that we need to conduct more complex live weapons and live missile firings."

The RSN was also able to achieve multiple breakthroughs during the exercise, added Commanding Officer of RSS Formidable Lieutenant Colonel (LTC) Chuah Meng Soon.

RSS Formidable firing an Aster surface-to-air missile to intercept a low-observable, high-speed aerial target.

This included the firing of an Aster surface-to-air missile to successfully intercept a low-observable, high-speed aerial target flying at a distance by RSS Formidable – a first in the exercise series.

RSS Intrepid also launched a Harpoon anti-ship missile against a decommissioned USN warship target.

Boom! The Harpoon anti-ship missile being launched from RSS Intrepid.

2) The exercise allows the RSN to benchmark against and train with large established navies like the USN.

This is the second time that XPG is being conducted (the first was in 2017).

"The facilities and support in Guam along with assets such as the submarine and anti-submarine warfare aircraft, and resources of the USN allows both navies to conduct high-end and complex warfare training in all dimensions of naval warfare," said LTC Chuah.

Training with the USN also allows us to learn from and benchmark our capabilities against them. "The US is an important strategic partner for Singapore… (and) the USN is among the most powerful and established navies in the world."

From left: RSS Intrepid, USS Momsen and USNS Amelia Earhart sailing alongside one another during XPG.

For instance, both navies had the opportunity to hone their proficiency in tactics, targeting and live firing against a surface target at sea – a decommissioned USN ship.

As the Harpoon anti-ship missile was fired from RSS Intrepid, a Naval Strike Missile was also launched from the USN's littoral combat ship USS Gabrielle Giffords.

The sinking exercise was a highlight for Destroyer Squadron 7 Operations Officer (N3) Lieutenant Commander (Lt. Cmdr.) Matthew Biggerstaff.

"The seamless integration of our navies and air forces to employ several rounds of ordnance to ultimately sink the decommissioned USS Ford was truly awesome."

COL Lim (left) and CAPT Jerbi at the opening ceremony of XPG 2019 on 27 Sep.

Commenting on the exercise, Commodore of the USN's Destroyer Squadron 7 Captain (CAPT) Matthew J. Jerbi said that XPG provided important opportunities for realistic at-sea training with live ordnance and conditions that cannot be duplicated otherwise.

"Training alongside our Singapore partners in a complex exercise like this is invaluable," he added.

RSN and USN personnel conducting operations planning.

3) XPG provides the opportunity for the two navies to strengthen ties and build interoperability with one another.

Planners from the RSN and USN have worked together closely to make the exercise as challenging as possible.

As lead US planner and coordinator for the XPG 2019, Lt. Cmdr. Biggerstaff said that he had gained a considerable understanding of the RSN’s planning procedures and their tactics in anti-air, anti-surface and anti-submarine warfare.

"This exercise was successful at emphasising cooperation and strengthening the relationship between the two navies. The whole planning cycle was immensely valuable for learning culturally, how we communicate and plan, and better seeing the expertise everyone brings."

From left: RSN personnel Major Soh Kah Loke and Captain Tan Yi Jun interacting with Command Master Chief William L. Meyer III of USS Momsen during the cocktail reception onboard RSS Intrepid.

For Weapons Control Systems Supervisor Military Expert (ME) 2 Balasubramaniam, training with the USN gave him an opportunity to improve his domain expertise and learn from them.

"We had to work closely with the USN in many areas, from mission planning to the execution of serials. This allowed us to practice our joint operations and understand each other’s processes better," said ME2 Balasubramaniam.

Noting that the RSN is "a great partner in many ways", CAPT Jerbi said: "We worked very closely together throughout the year. Any opportunity we have to work together, to train together, to go to sea together, we always look forward to and this is just another example of a very strong and enduring relationship."

"I can say without a doubt that the RSN is one of our finest partners."

Suggested Reading
Three things to look forward to at Navy@Vivo Feature
Three things to look forward to at Navy@Vivo

Navy@Vivo is back! What's new this year and what are some of the highlights? Catch the must-sees of this event which includes a tour of frigate RSS Supreme, a glimpse into the training of elite naval divers and more!

Chief of Navy answers your questions
Cover story
Chief of Navy answers your questions

Why is Chief of Navy Rear-Admiral Lew Chuen Hong flashing a vulcan salute? Find out in PIONEER's #AskMeAnything interview with the man at the helm of the Republic of Singapore Navy.

A salute to the setting sun Feature
A salute to the setting sun

The sunset ceremony is an age-old naval tradition. What is its significance, and what goes on?

Slick on ice Feature
Slick on ice

Teammates Lance Corporal (LCP) Ryan Tan and 3rd Sergeant (3SG) (NS) Darren Goh sit down with PIONEER and tell us what it takes to be a national athlete while serving National Service (NS).

You've got a friend in me
You've got a friend in me

How long does it take to become fast friends?

Focusing on the fundamentals Feature
Focusing on the fundamentals

This year's Exercise Wallaby training may have been slowed down by a fire ban, but the troops are making the best of the situation.

Always on high alert Feature
Always on high alert

SG & US pilots answer most-Googled questions
Cover story
SG & US pilots answer most-Googled questions

This year, the Republic of Singapore Air Force (RSAF) celebrates the 10th anniversary of its Peace Carvin V detachment in Idaho, US, marking a decade of F-15SG training with the United States Air Force (USAF) under the 428th Fighter Squadron. We asked RSAF and USAF pilots to respond to some Google autocomplete questions.

Five facts about Peace Carvin V Feature
Five facts about Peace Carvin V

What you need to know about the RSAF detachment that’s celebrating its 10th anniversary in Idaho, United States.

RSAF's refuelling plane makes overseas exercise debut Feature
RSAF's refuelling plane makes overseas exercise debut

The Republic of Singapore Air Force's A330 Multi-Role Tanker Transport brings air-to-air refuelling capabilities to Exercise Forging Sabre for the first time. Watch how it ensures that fighter aircraft are always fuelled up for their missions!