Ministry of Defence, Singapore Singapore Government
Our Courses
Command and Staff
Command and Staff
Course (Executive)
[CSC (E)]
Command and Staff
Course (National
Service) [CSC (NS)]
Our Courses

GKS CSC has to equip mid-level SAF officers with the knowledge, competencies and capacities to lead in a more dynamic and uncertain strategic environment where the SAF might be called upon to participate in a broader spectrum of operations.

To stay relevant to this reality requires appropriate exposure to new operational domains that were becoming increasingly important to the SAF and the parallel development of behavioural competencies that had been identified in the leadership development framework. Our courses are designed to help SAF officers stay relevent and competent.


GKS CSC's Pedagogical Approach

College Learning Environment.    The college provides a highly conducive and safe learning environment where leaders come together to grow and acquire invaluable insights while respecting each other’s views. The courses conducted in GKS CSC are intellectually stimulating and challenging. Learning is predominantly self-directed and officers-on-course take ownership for their own learning.

Officers’ Learning Responsibility.    Officers are expected to take ownership for learning. Officers are encouraged to reflect on what was taught and discussed. Debates, exchange of views are so as to sharpen opinions on key issues concerning the military professional.

Methods of Instruction.    The teaching methodologies used in the College are:

a.    Lecture-Discussion (L-D).    A lecture-discussion is typically a 3-period activity comprising a presentation by a lecturer/DS, an officer-led syndicate discussion and a plenary with the lecturer/DS.  Syndicates may be required to present their findings at the plenary and use the session to challenge the views of others and to seek clarity over your own. The L-D is planned for topics that are fairly complex.

b.    Lecture.    The traditional lecture will be used to deliver topics that are more straightforward and not suited for syndicate discussion. Introductory topics are usually conducted using this format. Lectures are capped at 2 periods. At the end of each lecture, there will be a question and answer session. This is to allow the officers to clarify any doubts or to seek clarification on the lecture given.

c.    Presentation.    Presentations are used for teams to share their findings following a period of research.

d.    Discussion.    The discussion format allows officers to explore topics through analysis and sharing of each other’s perspective. 

e.    Lecture-Visit (L-V).    The L-V format is used to introduce officers to the structure, organisation, roles, functions and capabilities of the host unit, formation or agency.     

f.    Exercises.    Exercises are used extensively throughout the various modules. The types of exercises are:

(1)    Tutorial Exercises (TEX).    These exercises, the officers are organised into their syndicates and are guided through a series of requirements to draw out specific learning outcomes.

(2)    Map Planning Exercises (MAPEX).    These are exercises where officers, holding the appointments of commanders and staff, apply their knowledge in developing an operation plan.

(3)    Wargame Exercise (WGX).    These are exercises where officers game through their operation plans using Simulation Laboratory (SIMLAB) or Tactical Training Centre (TTC), including some other simulation system.

Welcoming Ceremony

Online modules are part and parcel of College syllabus

Organisational Structure Of Our Courses

The CSC, CSC(E) and CSC(NS) will be organized as follows:

Syndicate Groupings.    The Command and Staff Courses will be divided into syndicates. To support cross sharing of the diversity of domains, each syndicate will comprise officers from different Arms and Services.

Student Appointment Holders.    Officers-on-course play an important role to enable the learning and conduct of the respective courses. The following are some key appointments held by officers in the respective courses:

a.    Student Course Leader.    A Course Leader is appointed  for each term of the respective courses. The Course Leader is assisted by two Deputy Course Leaders. The Course Leader will represent the course on matters relating to the management and administration of the officers, and will act as the liaison between staff and officers.

b.    Deputy Course Leaders.    Two Deputy Course Leaders are appointed in each term. They can also be re-appointed where appropriate. The Course Leader and the two Deputy Course Leaders will be staffed by officers from different Services. Deputy Course Leaders assist the Course Leader.

c.    Syndicate ICs.    Syndicate ICs are appointed on a weekly basis. They are responsible for the administration, discipline and conduct of their respective syndicates and play a key role in improving the learning experience of their syndicates.

d.    Syndicate Logistics and Security Officer.    The Course Syndicate Logistics and Security Officer will coordinate with College staff on the logistics needs of the syndicate for the various curricula activities.

e.    Conducting Officers.    The Conducting Officer is responsible for the proper and safe conduct of activities.

f.    Safety Officers.    This officer will be responsible for the safe conduct of the activity and will plan and coordinate all necessary safety measures.

Assessment System and Awards

In order to provide an accurate review of the officers’ performance, there will be assessments throughout the course. Generally, most curricula activities, written assignments and tests are factors for assessment. The College Academic Standards Board (ASB) confirms the grading of assignments before they are made public.

For assessments during the respective course, officers will be graded according to the following standards:



75% and above


70% - 74.99%


65% - 69.99%


60% - 64.99%


55% - 59.99%


50% - 54.99%


49.99% and below



Awards.    Awards and book prizes are presented to officers who have distinguished themselves by their academic, professional and personal conduct during the course. These officers are standard bearers of their respective courses and are deemed worthy of particular recognition. These awards and book prizes will be presented at the Graduation Ceremony. The awards given to graduates are as follows:

Command and Staff Course

    a.    Top 10% of Army Graduates.

    b.    Top 10% of Air Force Graduates.

    c.    Top 10% of Navy Graduates.

    d.    Top 5 Graduates in selected Modules.

Command and Staff Course (Executive)

    a.    Top 10% of Course Graduates.

    b.    Top 5 Graduates in selected Modules.

Command and Staff Course (National Service)

    a.    Top 10% of Course Graduates.


Regular LIFE Activities

Balanced Lifestyle

Lifelong Investment in Fitness & Exercise Programme (LIFE).

As part of the course curriculum and to maintain the fitness level of all officers, LIFE activities may be organised and conducted on a regular basis.

LIFE Activities.    Besides games, which is part of LIFE activities, the College may conduct or participate in the following activities:


a.    Individual Physical Training.    These are scheduled weekly for Officers-On-Course to carry out their own physical fitness training.

b.    External LIFE Runs.    SAFTI MI HQ or the College may schedule runs at a place outside SAFTI MI.

c.    Others.    The College may also participate in other runs organised by external agencies, such as the Army Half Marathon. 

Last updated on 30 Jan 2013
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