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Basic Military Training

The beginning of the military life

The beginning of military life for all Singaporean males at the age of 18. From fresh-faced teenagers to combat-ready soldiers, they learn basic soldiering skills, which include weapon handling and individual field craft.

Training Phases of BMT

The 9-week Basic Military Training (BMT) is divided into three phases of varying lengths, each encompassing a number of key exercises to build important skills in recruits, and mould them into soldiers.

Phase 1: Orientation and Team Building

In the first 2 weeks, recruits will establish close rapport with their buddies and section mates. At the end of this phase, they will be well-adjusted and comfortable in a new environment.

Phase 2: Learning and Development

Weeks 3 to 7 is the learning and development phase where recruits are trained in basic soldiering skills. At the end of this phase, recruits will feel a sense of belonging as a trusted and useful member of his team.

Phase 3: Transformation and Achievement

In the final 2 weeks of BMT, recruits will have completed all the essential training requirements, and transformed from civilians into proud, confident soldiers.

Training Outcomes

The training architecture is designed to achieve 3 training outcomes.

Physical Outcome

The recruit's physical and combat fitness will be strengthened. Basic individual soldiering skills will be second nature to him in his capacity as a competent infantry soldier. He will be able to operate within a group while acquiring foundational knowledge of a healthy lifestyle.

Intellectual Outcome

Each recruit will develop the cognitive ability to think like a soldier, and understand the context of why and what they are doing. He will possess reflective skills to facilitate basic adaptive thinking. With the SAF core values as guiding principles, he will be aware of Our Army's capabilities and understand its context from an organisational point of view.

Emotional Outcome

The recruit will be an effective soldier with a strong motivation for training. He will be a confident soldier who is resilient in the face of adversity, and committed to the defence of our nation. He will understand his role as a soldier and develop a deep sense of purpose for National Service.

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Specialist Cadet School

With Pride We Lead

It is here where selected soldiers with leadership potential from all formations in Our Army begin their training as leaders. Thousands of future section commanders train under the roof of Specialist Cadet School (SCS) every year.

The 22-week Specialist Cadet Course (SCC) is divided into three terms of varying lengths.

Foundation Term - 8 weeks

This course is conducted in Specialist Cadet School (SCS) I, II and III, where soldiers will be mentally and physically trained to become competent junior commanders as SAF Specialists. They will start out the course as Specialist Cadet Trainees (SCT). Upon graduation, the SCTs will be posted to their operational units or selected to enter the Specialist Cadet Course (Professional Term).

Graduates are expected to:

  • Understand the structure, organisation, roles, functions and the concept of operations of an infantry platoon
  • Be conversant with advanced infantry section operations and be independent within the framework of an infantry platoon
Professional Term - 12.5 weeks

A percentage of Infantry Section Leaders from the Specialist Cadet Course (Foundation Term) will be posted to the Specialist Cadet Course (Professional Term). This will further prepare them in terms of professional knowledge and operationally readiness, and train them to be highly competent commanders. Once completed, trainees will move on to the Specialist Cadet Course (Combined Arms Term) before being promoted to the rank of 3SG. Thereafter, they will be posted to operational units to command a group of six men.

Graduates are expected to:

  • Understand the structure, organisation, roles, functions and the concept of operations in an infantry company
  • Be conversant with advanced infantry section operations and be independent within the framework of an infantry company
Combined Arms Term - 1.5 weeks

This course brings together Specialists-to-be from various Arms for the last journey of their Specialist Cadet Course before they become part of the WOSpec Corps. The Combined Arms Term (CAT) focuses mainly on honing leadership skills, promoting Combined Arms Culture and strengthening the Specialist Cadets' Pride and Identity through Leadership Immersion and Combined Arms sharing.

Graduates are expected to:

  • Understand the importance of the WOSpec Corps in being a pillar and the backbone of the SAF
  • Sharpen their leadership skills and excel as leaders through motivation, competence and confidence
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Officer Cadet School

To Lead, To Excel, To Overcome

This course aims to groom selected young men and women to be Our Army's future top leaders. The values and qualities of good leadership are instilled, while the cadet trainees acquire skills and knowledge to be an officer.

The 38-week Officer Cadet Course (OCC) is divided into four modules of varying lengths.

Common Leadership Module - 2 weeks

This aims to assimilate Officer Cadets into the OCS culture. Officer Cadets will be instilled with shared habits and practices during this period of socialisation and integration. This module serves as a platform for tri-service integration as it is the only time Officer Cadets from Army, Navy and Air Force train together before the Joint Term.

Service Term - 12 weeks

This term focuses on developing the necessary knowledge and skills to conduct section-level operations. Section tactics and drills are taught to Officer Cadets in the framework of attack and defence missions. Towards the end of the term, Officer Cadets will learn platoon-level operations, embarking on platoon defence and attack missions to train as Platoon Commanders.

Professional Term - 21 weeks

This focuses on developing command effectiveness and mission-readiness. Officer Cadets nurture their competency in platoon drills before embarking on overseas exercises, including the Jungle Confidence Course, and a mission-based Company Live Firing. The term ends by introducing cadets to Urban Operations, as well as tri-service, combined-arms and non-combatant elements. Apart from exercises, the Professional Term also includes a Unit Internship Programme, which exposes Officer Cadets to life in an operationally-ready unit.

Joint Term - 3 weeks

All Officer Cadets will return for a 3-week Joint Term. Through a series of workshops, they will align their leadership qualities and values, and be well-versed in the expectations of Junior Officers. Cadets can socialise with peers from various arms and services, and learn from their experiences through sharing sessions. They are taught to be effective Officers and will be further exposed to Singapore's challenges through National Education classes. Their journey culminates at the Commissioning Parade, where they will be appointed as Officers during the Appointment Certificate Presentation Ceremony, witnessed by family and friends.

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Training Around the World

Our Army engages in a series of overseas training operations around the world, including the US, New Zealand, Germany, Australia and India. Unfamiliar terrains, conditions and environments, as well as the chance to train in wide spaces outside of Singapore, provides a good opportunity for our soldiers' vocational capabilities to be put to the test. As most of these operations require a diverse spectrum of competencies, they are a good platform for soldiers of different units and formations to work together as an integrated fighting force.

Exercise Wallaby
(Rockhampton, Queensland, Australia)

One of the biggest unilateral war games that Our Army participates in, Exercise Wallaby sees the integration of personnel from various formations, including Armour, Artillery, Transport, and Maintenance and Engineering Support. It also allowed our soldiers to interact and collaborate with our Air Force and Navy counterparts.

Exercise Thunder Warrior
(Waiouru, New Zealand)

Some 5000 miles away from Singapore, artillery gunners and combat support service troopers are stationed at the Waiouru Training Area for a battalion live-firing exercise involving the Singapore Self-Propelled Howitzer (SSPH), also known as the Primus.

Exercise Bold Kurukshetra
(Babina, Uttar Pradesh, India)

This is an annual bilateral armour exercise conducted by the Singapore Army and the Indian Army. Highlights of the exercise include the two armies' joint planning and training, integrated manoeuvres and live-firing involving SAF's BIONIX Infantry Fighting Vehicle and BRONCO All-Terrain Tracked Carrier.