Junior Officer Ranks
The Junior Officers wear bars on their epaulettes. Commanding platoons or companies of men, they oversee the execution of orders and ensure the welfare of the men under their command. They are most important in small-unit combat, and earn the respect of their men by leading by example. As exemplary soldiers, they bring their men into action with dedication and energy.
Junior Officers graduate from OCS with the rank of 2nd Lieutenant (2LT), and are promoted to Lieutenant (LTA) after they have had sufficient experience. They may later be moved to higher appointments and assume the rank of Captain (CPT).
Senior Officer Ranks
The Senior Officers wear the National Coat of Arms on their epaulettes, more affectionately known as 'crabs'. They make command decisions in combat and peacetime, taking charge of units or important branches. Senior Officers are crucial in the formulation and execution of missions, as well as overseeing the training and direction of their charges.
Commanding Officers begin their duties at the rank of Major (MAJ), and only the few who can distinguish themselves will attain the rank of Lieutenant Colonel (LTC). It is an even greater challenge and responsibility for a senior officer to attain the rank of Colonel (COL).
General Level Ranks
The people with the highest ranks in the Army are known as the Generals. The stars on their epaulettes reflect the enormous responsibilities on their shoulders. They are responsible for the planning of policies which affect the entire Army, including Command of Divisions. Presently, the three levels of generalship are : Brigadier-General (BG), Major-General (MG) and Lieutenant-General (LG).
Military Experts Ranks
The SAF Military Domain Experts are professional experts in various military domains and pursue deep specialisation and expertise. They possess the technical knowledge in their field and provide the subject matter expert opinions to support the SAF mission requirements. These military competencies can include technical, engineering, medical, nursing and intelligence.
There are eight contiguous Military Expert ranks from ME1 to ME8, with ME8 as the highest rank. This allows continual advancement from ME1 to Senior ME ranks for outstanding performers.