What is it like to teach PE to students more than 40 years younger than you? Army Regular-turned-PE teacher LTC (Ret) Kok Wai Tong shares his experience.
Most people in their fifties would prefer a slower pace of life to enjoy their golden years. But not Lieutenant Colonel (LTC) (Ret) Kok. At the age of 48, he put himself through a back-breaking physical proficiency test, all in a bid to become a physical education (PE) teacher.
Imagine standing on your hands, doing the cartwheel when you are almost 50, recalled LTC (Ret) Kok, now 66, who is working at Serangoon Junior College.
I wasn't sure if I could even do it, but somehow I managed, he laughed.
Apart from his initial lack of flexibility, being older was never an obstacle. The former Artillery officer, who spent 29 years in the Army, is still in tip-top shape. He never failed to ace his annual Individual Physical Proficiency Test.
What he enjoys most in his job is being able to influence young people. LTC (Ret) Kok recalled one incident vividly. In his first school, as the teacher-in-charge of Riverside Secondary's football team, he once banned his best player because of disciplinary problems. The team captain and other students petitioned against his decision, but he stood firm.
Discipline is important; there are no two ways about it. If you make a mistake, you pay for it. But more importantly, you don't stop there, you have to move on, and learn to re-organise the team, he explained.
The captain rallied the team, and they emerged among the top four in the North Zone. A good result, said LTC (Ret) Kok, because this was the school's debut in the national school games' football tournament.
I was very proud, in the sense that I allowed the students to work things out among themselves.
Establishing more regular dialogues between both Defence Ministers, deepening collaboration in maritime security and boosting cooperation between Singapore and India's defence industries. These are the agreements stated in the revised Defence Cooperation Agreement (DCA) between Singapore and India.
The revised DCA was concluded alongside the India-Singapore Strategic Partnership signed by Prime Minister (PM) Lee Hsien Loong and Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi, at the Istana on 24 Nov.
Under the ambit of an Enhanced Defence Partnership, the revised DCA was signed by Minister for Defence Dr Ng Eng Hen and Indian Minister of Defence Manohar Parrikar. The DCA was also symbolically exchanged by Permanent Secretary for Defence Chan Yeng Kit, and Indian Foreign Secretary Dr Subrahmanyam Jaishankar, in the presence of both Prime Ministers.
Commenting that the revised DCA was a significant milestone from the first one signed more than 10 years ago, Dr Ng said: Our defence ties have committed to meetings at the highest level between defence ministers regularly… and more military-to-military ties and exercises.
Specifically, (there is) also closer collaboration for maritime security… (and) an agreement on exchange of information for white-shipping. (White-shipping refers to commercial shipping information about movement of cargo ships.)
He added that this collaboration put defence relations between both countries on a better footing, and signalled that Singapore and India had become closer defence partners.
On the topic of maritime security, Dr Ng said that both countries valued the importance of peace and stability, with reduced tensions and minimal possibility of any disruption to global trade and maritime lanes.
He said: Maritime security is an essential lifeline for economies or trade in this region, whether it's the South China Sea or Straits of Malacca. India's voice will be heard and we share common perspectives in terms of common stability.
The revised DCA also coincided with the signing of a Technical Agreement on the Sharing of White-Shipping Information between the Republic of Singapore Navy and the Indian Navy in July this year. With the TA, this has allowed Singapore's Information Fusion Centre and India's Directorate of Network Centric Operations to exchange real-time white-shipping information for greater maritime awareness and sense-making.
The revised DCA is seen as bringing the defence relations between Singapore and India a few notches up, as both countries commemorate 50 years of diplomatic relations.
Defence interactions between both countries include high-level visits, policy dialogues, joint military training, defence technology cooperation, courses, seminars and other professional exchanges.
Runner-up of the SAF50 Story Contest, Mr Michael Sim, 51, writes about how he encouraged his children to live out the military dream he had been unable to fulfil.
Since young, I was taught the need to build up our national defence in order to guard our independence. My father was that unsung hero who inspired me in many ways.
He taught me that even when one is not in the Army, one can still contribute to nation-building in many other ways: being a responsible citizen; giving back to society as much as one possibly can; and being proud of who we are. Yes, we, the citizens of Singapore!
When my turn came to serve the country, I received crushing news from the Ministry of Defence - a letter instructing me to collect a Certificate of Full Exemption.
My hopes were dashed but eventually I reminded myself of what my father had taught me. Hey, I can still contribute to our country in many other ways!
Since I couldn't personally serve in our defence, I had to market my ideas to my children. My eldest daughter Marilyn stepped up, as she, too, was passionate about the Republic of Singapore Navy (RSN).
Some say journalist Benita Teo must be very brave to put herself out there and do this. In truth, the Singapore Armed Forces Music and Drama Company (SAF MDC) are the real brave ones for saying yes to her co-hosting Recruits' Night.
I feel like I'm in a vacuum: I can barely breathe, my heart is thumping in my ear, and all my thoughts are racing at the speed of light. And it's dark all around.
The moments before the curtains rise are always the hardest.
I turn to my co-host, Corporal (CPL) Shrey Bhargava. He looks collected and confident, while I'm not even sure if I remember my first line.
The curtains open slowly, and the mass of recruits at the Basic Military Training Centre (BMTC) starts to grow before our eyes. The spotlights come on and like a supernova, we burst into life… BMTC, ARE YOU READY TO HAVE SOME FUN?
In March last year, Military Expert (ME) 4 David Mohan S/O Arumugam was deployed for a search-and-locate operation for the missing Malaysia Airlines flight MH370 in the South China Sea.
His frigate RSS Steadfast had just returned to Singapore after completing a bilateral exercise with the Royal Malaysia Navy.
Despite this, he and his crew had no complaints. In fact, he was glad that their training was put to good use, and they were able to work seamlessly with their Malaysian naval counterparts.
Our peace-time training over the years and through the various exercises with foreign navies were valuable in ensuring our preparedness for real operations, he explained.
ME4 David was among 661 personnel from the Ministry of Defence (MINDEF) and Singapore Armed Forces (SAF) who received the National Day Awards on 20 Nov.
The 48-year-old received the Efficiency Medal for his sterling contributions to the Navy. As Squadron Coxswain of 182/189 Squadron, he is the mentor to about 400 sailors.
A total of 79 Commendation Medals, 115 Efficiency Medals and 475 Long Service Medals were given out to both military and non-military personnel at the National Day Awards Investiture held at MINDEF. These awards recognise their outstanding performance and dedication to duty and service.
The ceremony was officiated by Senior Ministers of State for Defence Ong Ye Kung and Dr Mohamad Maliki Bin Osman.
Shouldering heavy responsibilities
For Lieutenant Colonel (NS) Adrian Toh, who received the Long Service Medal, the most significant moment in his 25-year-long career came when he took on the role of a test pilot from 2003 to 2007.
The Republic of Singapore Air Force was then looking for replacements for its ageing A-4 fighter jets.
It was thrilling to be flying these air craft (that the RSAF was looking at purchasing), but the biggest challenge was to objectively evaluate each aircraft, said the 44-year-old, an F-15 and F-16 fighter pilot by training.
We are talking about a billion-dollar acquisition in which the security of the country is at the forefront of our decision-making process.
He just retired from the RSAF in May this year, and will be serving as an Operationally Ready National Serviceman (NSman) in the Air Operations Department.
It has been a fulfilling career, and I have always enjoyed my work in the Air Force. I look forward to working with my colleagues again as an NSman, said the 44-year-old, now a commercial pilot.
Another award winner was 1st Warrant Officer (1WO) Omar Bin Osman, a Sergeant Major in the Infantry Training Institute.
He derives great satisfaction in grooming junior specialists into capable warrant officers. His former trainees, who have since risen through the ranks, still go to him for advice.
That (in) itself speaks volumes of how you can win people’s hearts, said the Efficiency Medal recipient.
The 40-year-old recently completed the Sergeant Major course in the United States Army Sergeant Majors Academy in June.
He trained alongside soldiers from 30 military forces worldwide. One of his key takeaways was being able to learn from his counterparts and bring some of their best practices into his work in the SAF.
I am committed to give my 110 percent. Whatever challenge that I might face along the way, I know the SAF has prepared me well, he added.
Also on the honour list
At an earlier National Day Awards Ceremony on 8 Nov, 14 MINDEF and SAF personnel received awards from President Dr Tony Tan Keng Yam.
Former Chief of Defence Force Lieutenant-General (NS) Ng Chee Meng received the Pingat Jasa Gemilang (Tentara) [Meritorious Service Medal (Military)], and Assistant Chief of General Staff (Operations) Brigadier-General Siew Kum Wong received the Public Administration Medal (Silver) (Bar) (Military).
The award recipients also comprised nine senior SAF officers who received the Public Administration Medal (Silver) (Military), and three MINDEF personnel who received the Public Administration Medal (Silver).
In a separate awards ceremony officiated by Prime Minister Mr Lee Hsien Loong on 11 Nov, 28 senior SAF officers received the Public Administration Medal (Bronze) (Military), and eight MINDEF personnel received the Public Administration Medal (Bronze).
The blast of a Leopard 2SG tank's main gun rips across the open field, breaking the silence. Right on cue, four AH-64D Apache helicopters file in from above, one after the other, firing into the distance.
The enemy is in disarray, and begins to move across the field. But the armoured fighters are not letting up. Bionix Infantry Fighting Vehicles (IFVs) begin to rain bullets on the moving target, accompanied by mortar bombs.
With a final explosion of fire from the Leopard tank, the target is finally taken down. The Armoured Battle Group (ABG) has achieved mission success.
Witnessing this air-land integrated strike at Shoalwater Bay Training Area (SWBTA) in Queensland, Australia on 20 Nov was Defence Minister Dr Ng Eng Hen.
More than 4,000 SAF personnel and 400 SAF platforms are taking part in this year’s Exercise Wallaby (XWB), which marks the 25th anniversary of the Singapore Armed Forces' (SAF's) training at SWBTA.
Held from 28 Sep to 25 Nov, XWB 2015 saw the largest number of participating assets from the Republic of Singapore Air Force (RSAF), which included AH-64D Apaches, CH-47 Chinooks and the Air-Land Tactical Control Centre.
Dr Ng, who had arrived in Rockhampton, Queensland after meeting his Australian counterpart Marise Payne the day before, expressed his appreciation to Australia for its support and cooperation with the SAF: Over these last 25 years, the exercises (we held) have become more and more complex. I'm very happy to see that we are making full use of these opportunities (to train here).
Noting the benefits of the large training space in SWBTA, Dr Ng said: It provides our armoured soldiers and national servicemen credible opportunities (and) very realistic training to hone their skills. This is very important (in building up our) confidence and professionalism.
Brigadier-General (BG) Kenneth Liow, Chief Armour Officer and Exercise Director for XWB 2015, echoed his sentiments: Exercise Wallaby, given the vast and extensive terrain here, allows us…to really stretch out and exercise the units. We do so in terms of manoeuvres, evaluation and live firing. The terrain also allows us to conduct the live firing and manoeuvres in an air-land context as well.
Camp life at Exercise Wallaby
As part of his visit, Dr Ng met with RSAF personnel at Warriors Camp. The camp is the RSAF’s new permanent base in Rockhampton and has a parking area that can hold up to nine Chinook helicopters.
The very valuable training space - not just land but air … allows us to constantly hone the skills of our personnel, in terms of their tactics, techniques and procedures… (We can) launch our assets more quickly and in a more tactically realistic environment and scenario, explained Colonel (COL) Teoh Chun Ping of the move to Warriors Camp. He is the Exercise Air Director for frame three of XWB 2015.
Dr Ng also visited Camp Growl, where the troops had been based for XWB 2015. While most only resided in Camp Growl during their respective exercise frames, others, like the Forward Support Group’s Military Expert (ME) 3-1 Balasubramaniam s/o Suppiah, arrived at Camp Growl three days before the start of the exercise and would only leave after all the soldiers had left.
As the Maintenance Overall In-Charge (OIC), ME3-1 Balasubramaniam saw to the shipping of all the SAF's wheeled and track vehicles to Rockhampton and back to Singapore.
It was a long and vigorous process, as he explained: We took over the vehicles - all the different variants - from each individual unit…and washed all of them. Then we had to go through another round of checks to ensure that all the vehicles were still serviceable.
(And) because the Leopard tanks are huge vehicles, they could only be transported at certain times of the day, which was early morning or late night.
Stepping up to the plate
Despite the long period away from home and tough weather conditions, servicemen valued the opportunity to train at XWB15.
Lieutenant (LTA) Ken Nakamoto even extended his operationally-ready date (ORD) to participate in the exercise. A Deputy S2 in 40th Battalion, Singapore Armoured Regiment (40 SAR), he was able to play a commanding role at XWB 2015.
Because my boss couldn't come, he gave me the opportunity to step up… This will prepare me for my NSman (Operationally Ready National Serviceman) role as well, said the 21-year-old Intelligence Officer.
He credited his colleagues for making his XWB a memorable one: The Regulars I work with are very professional. And the commanders in 40 SAR manage to find the sweet spot between being friends, commanders and colleagues.
I feel comfortable working with them. These small things, like your branch mates and commanders, played a part in my decision to extend (my ORD).
Like LTA Nakamoto, ME5-1 (NS) Alex Yang was glad to have the chance to contribute to XWB. Although the 38-year-old Managing Director of CWT Aerospace Services Private Limited had to juggle family and work commitments while in Rockhampton, he was heartened to see NSmen shoulder responsibilities just like the Regular force. An air force engineer, he is Officer Commanding of Integrated Maintenance Flight in 806 Squadron.
NSmen form an important pool…to fulfill the functions and roles that we are assigned to. If I were to think of myself as an outsider, I would be very uncomfortable taking on responsibilities, he said.
We need to have the mindset that NSmen form an integral part of the fighting force… I believe (the SAF's) doctrine today provides for that.
Full-time National Servicemen (NSFs) who are soon completing their two years of National Service (NS) now have more help in transiting to the work force or higher education.
At the first Enhanced Career Fair, held from 18 to 19 Nov at Lifelong Learning Institute, a total of 77 multinational and local companies as well as educational and training institutes offered a wide range of job opportunities and courses for NSFs.
The Enhanced Career Fair is one of 30 recommendations put up by the Committee to Strengthen National Service. It also includes a Career Skills Workshop, where NSFs can hone their communication skills and learn how to prepare for job interviews.
Jointly organised by the Ministry of Defence (MINDEF) and the Ministry of Home Affairs, in collaboration with the SingaporeWorkforce Development Agency (WDA), and the Advisory Council on Community Relations in Defence (ACCORD), the two-day event is expected to see more than 4,000 NSFsfrom the Singapore Armed Forces (SAF) and Home Team in attendance.
Director of MINDEF's NS Affairs, Brigadier-General (BG) (NS) Tung Yui Fai, who visited the career fair on 18 Nov, highlighted that the career fair was a deliberate effort to provide more options for NSFs.
Through ACCORD and WDA, we are able to tap onto a larger network of employers and educational institutions across different industries and sectors so that our servicemen can find a career or field of study that is relevant and of interest to them.
One NSF who stands to benefit is Private (PTE) Mohd Hairie, a trooper from 3rd Battalion, Singapore Guards who will be completing his full-time NS in three weeks' time.
He hopes to work in the petroleum industry, and through the career fair, has found out more about the job opportunities available at Shell, one of the largest oil companies in the world.
The career fair is useful as I am going to finish my NS soon, and I was able to speak to the staff at Shell to find out more about the industry, said the 21-year-old who is applying for a technician position there.
Highly sought-after by employers
The career fair not only allowed NSFs to find out more about the various hiring sectors and job requirements, but also enabled employers to tap on this source of manpower, said Mr Francis Lee, Director, Career Services Division, WDA.
NSFs like PTE Hairie are sought after by companies for their maturity andexperience working in a team.
For instance, Micron, a multinational-company that produces semiconductors, is targeting to hire NSFs because of their strong sense of responsibility which has been honed from military training.
Micron needs people with a deep sense of responsibility and accountability. We believe that NS training helps to build up these soft skills, explained Mr Sunny Yau, a senior recruiter. The firm is aiming to hire a few hundred engineers and technicians.
Similarly, Ms Juliana Ang, Gain City's director of Human Resource and Administration, noted that NSFs are trained to be disciplined andto work as a unit - traits that make them conscientious workers and team players.
Other technical or leadership skills (that they have acquired during NS) will be a good value-add, she said.
The home-grown home appliances and electronics retailer is offering a wide range of jobs from technicians to frontline managers.
Servicemen who require further assistance on employment and training services can contact WDA Career Centres at 6883 5885 for an appointment.
Talk about an overachiever - Ranger-trained SSG Zac Douglas Xu Peiwen is dedicated to doing his best in both training and studies.
From winning titles like Platoon Best Recruit to gaining the coveted Ranger tab to receiving the Continuous Learning Academic Study Scheme (CLASS) Degree sponsorship, Staff Sergeant (SSG) Xu, 27, has pushed himself constantly to become a better soldier.
A platoon sergeant in 3rd Battalion, Singapore Guards (3 Gds) now, SSG Xu began his career in the Singapore Armed Forces (SAF) in 2008 under the Joint Polytechnic-SAF Diploma Scheme. Joining the Army has been my dream since young. I want to inspire and make a difference in people's lives.
Mastering the basics
Even during his Basic Military Training, SSG Xu set his goals high. He was in a platoon which comprised only Regulars and re-course trainees, and being in such a platoon pushed each individual to strive to be the most outstanding.
Working hard and clinching Platoon Best Recruit, he repeated the feat during his Basic Section Leaders Course. It was perhaps no surprise that he went on to receive Company Best in his Advanced Section Leaders Course, as well as Best in Physical Training for the entire cohort.
Following his graduation as a 3rd Sergeant and the completion of his Guards Conversion Course, SSG Xu was immediately thrown into the thick of action. Just after he was posted to 1 Gds as a section commander, the battalion went overseas for a training exercise.
SSG Xu was appointed point section commander and tasked to lead the entire company to their objective. I had to lead the company and also take charge of my own section, he elaborated. While the company was taking breaks, I had to move forward to recce and confirm the direction. On top of that, I had to check on my section and account for them and their equipment.
I constantly reminded myself that the company was relying on me, and tried to adapt quickly to the situation to complete all our objectives.
No one country has adequate resources to combat transnational threats such as terrorism, piracy and natural disasters. This was pointed out by Minister for Defence Dr Ng Eng Hen during his visit to Thailand from 16 to 17 Nov.
He emphasised that because you cannot build trust and interoperability overnight, it was important for regional militaries to continue having exercises, dialogues and exchanges in bilateral as well as multilateral settings.
Recent incidents such as the terror attacks in Paris and Lebanon give us an impetus to continue to build that trust with each other, so that commanders can understand each other and call on each other when they need to, he said.
During his visit to Thailand, Dr Ng met Thai Prime Minister General (GEN) Prayut Chan-o-cha and Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Defence GEN Prawit Wongsuwon. The leaders reaffirmed the close, long-standing military ties between both countries, and discussed defence initiatives including enhancing joint military exercises between both militaries.
There is common ground. We recognise that there can be shared resources; we talked about more collaboration, more military-to-military training. These things do not grab headlines, but it is vital to just doggedly keep on building this relationship, said Dr Ng.
Both armed forces interact regularly through numerous bilateral and multilateral exercises such as Singsiam, Cope Tiger and Cobra Gold.
The ministers also spoke about regional challenges such as terrorism and escalating tensions in the South China Sea. Noting the need to continue finding consensus and common ground, Dr Ng emphasised that the Code of Unplanned Encounters at Sea (CUES) was a step in the right direction…(but) should be extended to include non-military shipping (as well as) the air domain…to avoid incidents between military aircraft .
As part of his two-day trip, Dr Ng interacted with newly appointed military leaders Thai Chief of Defence Forces GEN Sommai Kaotira, Thai Permanent Secretary for Defence GEN Preecha Jan-o-cha, Royal Thai Army Commander-in-Chief GEN Teerachai Nakwanich and Royal Thai Navy Commander-in-Chief Admiral Na Areenich. Thai Deputy Minister for Defence GEN Udomdej Sitabutr and Royal Thai Air Force Commander-in-Chief Air Chief Marshal Treetod Sonjance were present at the meetings.
He also visited the Royal Thai Air Force Headquarters in Don Muang and the Royal Thai Army 21st Infantry Regiment in Chonburi.
To many, the kitchen is the heart of the home. And when one spends long periods of time overseas at deployments or exercises, the kitchen is often the place to recreate feelings of being back at home.
This was Mrs Julie Hoo's inspiration for producing a cookbook that celebrates the shared experiences of the wives of officers in the Singapore Armed Forces (SAF).
While travelling with her husband, Chief of Air Force Major-General Hoo Cher Mou, Mrs Hoo spoke to the wife of an SAF defence attache, who wished that she could share with her international counterparts something that was representative of both Singapore and the SAF.
Seeing that food formed an important part of Singaporean culture, and drawing on her own experiences accompanying her husband on overseas deployments, Mrs Hoo felt that the officers' wives could relate to comfort foods that were easily made with simple ingredients.
Travelling overseas with our husbands without the support of our (extended) families, many families have learnt to cook our own Singapore recipes away from home, said Mrs Hoo. And many of us have the same sort of stories. It's about the memories and the times you had to fend for yourself and do things that you missed from home.
That's the way I survived when my husband was posted overseas, because if you want comfort food, you just have to rely on the things that you can bring from home, she added candidly.
Titled, Secret Recipes of the SAF Officers' Wives Club, the cookbook is a collection of 30 home-style recipes contributed by the members of the SAF Officers' Wives Club (OWC).
The book was launched at the SAF OWC's 41st Anniversary celebrations, held at the relocated Temasek Club on 7 Nov. Guest-of-Honour Professor Ivy Ng, the wife of Defence Minister Dr Ng Eng Hen, officiated at the opening of the new SAF OWC Room in Temasek Club.
Speaking to cyberpioneer at the anniversary celebrations, President of OWC Mrs Lynn Lim explained that, since its inception in 1974, the Club had played an important role in supporting the wives of servicemen.
The OWC's mission was to help wives develop a greater understanding of a career in the SAF, and seek moral support through networking and participating in the activities. This mission is still very relevant today because the nature of the SAF career is such that duty to the nation comes first, and the long stretches of local exercises and overseas assignments do take a toll on the wives and families, said Mrs Lim.
Ms Yip Pui Wan, 42, appreciated the chance to meet other military families. She said: It's a good opportunity to connect with the people whom my husband works with, and their families. In the process, mingling with the wives and children helps us to understand the challenges that officers' families face, and we support each other along the way. The kids also get to understand what their fathers are involved in, on a day-to-day basis.
Married to Colonel Foong Kok Pun, Commander of the Naval Military Expert Institute, Ms Yip has been a member of the OWC for about 16 years. She is also one of the contributors to the cookbook, sharing two vegetable dishes inspired by her mother-in-law, who is a vegetarian.
Like Ms Yip, fellow contributor Ms Koh Wei Ling also shared recipes that held a special place in the family kitchen. The recipe for the beef stew I contributed is close to my heart, because my husband loves beef. We searched the Internet for recipes and, through trial and error, came up with our own version, said Ms Koh, who has been an OWC member since she married infantry officer Major Chen Ting Wei about four years ago.
During the event, the SAF OWC also presented a charity cheque to the SAF Benevolent Fund, which provides welfare support to service personnel in need. The Club had raised a total of $6457.20 through the sale of cookies earlier this year.
Mrs Lim explained that, whenever the opportunity arose, the SAF OWC would carry out fundraising events such as this, and do its part for the community.
Classroom lessons may be drab, but with this new card game to teach ammunition fundamentals, you'll be happy to sit through the lesson.
Think classroom lessons in the Singapore Armed Forces (SAF) are always sian (boring) - just sitting behind a desk all day, listening to lectures and staring at PowerPoint slides?
What if learning could be fun? That's exactly what Mr Goh Kar Seng, Lance Corporal (LCP) Ulysses Goh and Corporal (CPL) Ryan Ho set out to do when they created Ammo Stax, a card game that teaches ammunition handling.
A new way to learn
As a new recruit to the SAF Ammunition Command (SAFAC), LCP Goh had to learn about ammunition and how to store it properly. I found the vocation course rather content-heavy, and many trainees started to lose focus midway through the course, said the Ammunition Data Resource Assistant (ADR Asst) in the School of Ammunition.
Together with his Work Improvement Team members, fellow ADR Asst CPL Ho and Curriculum and Quality In-charge Mr Goh, LCP Goh decided to devise a method of learning that would keep soldiers' energy and attention levels up, while imparting important knowledge.
He noticed that board and card games were very popular with his camp-mates during lunch breaks and had a brainwave: A card game implemented midway through the course would give trainees a break from the usual computer slides and help them regain their focus in an entertaining way.
Mr Goh agreed: With the new generation of soldiers, the old methods of teaching are no longer as effective. That's why we looked into other areas such as gaming to help them focus on the content.
With Mr Goh contributing his extensive knowledge of ammunition and course management, LCP Goh saw to the details of the gameplay while CPL Ho took charge of designing the cards.
However, there was still a hurdle to clear - persuading their commanders that a cardgame would be an effective method of instruction.
They thought gaming might have a negative impact on the trainees as the lesson would not be taken seriously, Mr Goh explained. So we showed them a draft version of the game and explained the learning points.